Soursop (Anona muricata) is a native plant from Caribbean and Central America. This fruit was first introduced to the world after Columbus discovered America. Soon after, the Spanish bring it to Philippines and then it spreads to most tropical countries.
Mame of Soursop came from the dutch language, namely zuursak. Zuur mean sour and zak mean a bag. In West Sumatra and Malaysia, soursop is called “Dutch durian”. In eastern Indonesia, people call it “Dutch jackfruit”.
Soursop has a sour-sweet taste make it a favorite for fruit juices and drinks. Sour taste of soursop derived from organic acids, particularly malic acid, citric acid, and isositric acid.
Soursop benefits – Rich in Fiber, Vitamins and Minerals
Soursop is fruit rich in fiber and vitamins. The content of fiber in soursop is 3.3 grams per 100 grams fruit flesh. Consuming 100 grams of soursop fruit flesh can meet 13 percent of daily needs of fiber. The most dominant vitamin in soursop is vitamin C, the amount is about 20 mg per 100 grams fruit flesh. Requirement of a person for vitamin C per day (ie 60 mg) can be met only by consuming 300 grams of soursop fruit flesh.
Fiber is good for helping digestion and detoxification, while vitamin C is an excellent antioxidant to boost immune system and slows the aging process (stay young).
Soursop is also contain phosphorus and calcium as much as 27 mg and 14 mg per 100 grams. These minerals are important for the formation of bone mass, allows you to build strong bones and prevent osteoporosis. The benefits of soursop are located on low sodium content (14 mg per 100 grams), but high in potassium that is 278 mg per 100 grams. High difference in the levels of potassium and sodium, make this fruit be excellent to prevent hypertension.
Soursop fruit contains very little fat (0.3 grams per 100 grams), so it is good for health.
Soursop benefits – Rich in Phytochemicals
In addition to nutritional components, soursop is also very rich in phytochemical compounds beneficial for health. Some of phytochemical compounds contained in Soursop fruit are: acetaldehyde, amyl-caproate, amyloid, annonain, anomuricine, anomuricinine, anomurine, anonol, atherosperminine, beta-sitosterol, campesterol, selobiosa, citrulline, coclaurine, coreximine, dextrose, galactomannan, geranyl – caproate, muricine, muricinine, muricapentocin, muricoreacin, procyanidin, stepharine, stigmasterol, tannin, and xylosyl-cellulose.
Acetogenins Annonaceous is phytochemical contained in the leaves, seeds and stems. Soursop is believed to fight cancer (cytotoxic) and viruses. Research has shown that Annonaceous acetogenins can kill malignant cells in 12 types of cancer, including breast, ovarian, colon, prostate, liver, lung, pancreas and lymphoma.
Another benefit of soursop is known in general, but not yet scientifically tested is for the treatment of gallstones, anti-constipation, gout, sciatica, hemorrhoids and increase appetite.
That is why soursop has very important role in traditional and alternative medicine in Central America and South American.
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